Environment and Climate Change
Climate change is increasing the risk of hunger and under nutrition over the next few decades and contribute in hampering the access to adequate food for all EAC people. Climate change is another additional burden for farmers which is affecting negatively the agricultural production. Today, agricultural production is at mercy of uncertainties driven by climate challenge such as flooding, droughts, heat waves storm damage, disease and pests on crops. Inversely, climate change is resulting in the long-term water and other resources shortages, worsening soil conditions.
In alignment with EAC Vision 2050, we will stand for the objectives of EAC through integrating actions of mitigating the effects of land degradation and drought, including the restoration of degraded lands, improving soil quality and water management, in order to contribute to improved land use in the region.
The challenges brought by climate change call upon the measures of adaptation at the disposal of small farmers with the support from financial partners:
- Crops and livestock diversification, varieties including the replacement of plant types, cultivators, hybrids, and animal breeds with seeds intended for higher drought or heat tolerance,
- Development of new technologies and mechanization including irrigation, conservation tillage and integrated drainage systems
- Promotion of changing land use practices such as the rotation of crops and lands,
- Improvement of nutrient and pest control management
- Promotion of research and extension in agriculture for productivity growth