Community-based health care
Undernourishment is still a key barrier to development in many developing countries of EAC at different levels. In fact, an inadequate intake of essential vitamins and minerals exacerbates the situation. Besides negative individual and social impacts, hunger and undernourishment also have serious economic consequences for entire states and regions. It is due to the deficiencies in energies, proteins and micronutrients (high energy rates of infections to the problems of overweight). Anemia is associated with increased risk of maternal mortality. Iron deficiency anemia is the most prevalent micronutrient deficiency that reduces work capacity of individuals and entire populations, with serious consequences for the economy and national development. (World Health Organization, 2012). Stunting is the result of long-term nutritional deprivation and often results in delayed mental development, poor school performance, and reduced intellectual capacity. (World Health Organization, 2012). Childhood obesity is associated with a higher probability of obesity in adulthood. Excess weight and obesity are major determinants of many non-communicable diseases, including coronary heart disease and stroke, and increased risks of cancer and diabetes (World Health Organization.2012).The prevalence of high saturated-fat diets is linked to cardiovascular disease and increased obesity risks and, in the case of red meat, an increased risk of colorectal cancer as well as association with total mortality.